China Custom CZPT Brand Spiral Bevel Gear Differential Bevel Gear gear ratio calculator

Product Description


Non-ferrous alloy material like carbon steel, stainless steel, galvanized steel, aluminum, copper, brass, etc

Surface Finish:

All kinds of surface treatment are available like chrome plating, zinc plating , nick plating , powder coating, e-coating, dip coating, mirror polishing, etc.


Electronic/Appliance/Auto/Industrial equipment metal stamping hardware parts


Our process includes tooling fabrication, stamping, deep drawing, punching, spinning, laser cutting, bending, seamless welding, machining and assembly


ISO 9001, SGS, Material Certificate

Accident Prevention

Safety Operation Management

Quality Control

Liability System and Periodical QC on line every hour

Main Market

USA/Germany/Canada/Italy/United Kingdom/Australia/Pakistan/French , etc

HangZhou CZPT Industry Co., Ltd. is a specialized supplier of a full range of chains, sprockets, gears, gear racks, v belt pulley, timing pulley, V-belts, couplings, machined parts and so on.

Due to our CZPT in offering best service to our clients, understanding of your needs and overriding sense of responsibility toward filling ordering requirements, we have obtained the trust of buyers worldwide. Having accumulated precious experience in cooperating with foreign customers, our products are selling well in the American, European, South American and Asian markets. Our products are manufactured by modern computerized machinery and equipment. Meanwhile, our products are manufactured according to high quality standards, and complying with the international advanced standard criteria.

With many years’ experience in this line, we will be trusted by our advantages in competitive price, one-time delivery, prompt response, on-hand engineering support and good after-sales services.

Additionally, all our production procedures are in compliance with ISO9001 standards. We also can design and make non-standard products to meet customers’ special requirements. Quality and credit are the bases that make a corporation alive. We will provide best services and high quality products with all sincerity. If you need any information or samples, please contact us and you will have our soon reply.


Application: Motor, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Machinery, Marine, Agricultural Machinery, Car
Hardness: Hardened Tooth Surface
Gear Position: External Gear
Manufacturing Method: Rolling Gear
Toothed Portion Shape: Spur Gear
Material: Stainless Steel

differential gear

What is the impact of a malfunctioning differential gear on a vehicle’s performance?

A malfunctioning differential gear can significantly impact a vehicle’s performance and drivability. Here’s a detailed explanation of the effects of a malfunctioning differential gear:

1. Limited Traction:

A malfunctioning differential gear may result in limited traction, especially in off-road or slippery conditions. The differential gear distributes torque between the wheels to provide optimal traction. If the gear malfunctions, it may not distribute power evenly, causing one or more wheels to lose traction. This can result in wheel slip, difficulty in accelerating, and compromised control over the vehicle.

2. Poor Handling and Stability:

The differential gear plays a critical role in maintaining stability and handling characteristics of a vehicle. A malfunctioning differential gear can disrupt the balance between the wheels, leading to poor handling and stability. For example, if a rear-wheel-drive vehicle’s differential gear fails, it can cause excessive oversteer or understeer, making the vehicle difficult to control during cornering or sudden maneuvers.

3. Increased Tire Wear:

A malfunctioning differential gear can cause uneven tire wear. When the gear fails to distribute torque evenly, some wheels may experience excessive slippage or spinning, while others receive insufficient power. This uneven distribution of forces can lead to accelerated tire wear on specific wheels, resulting in uneven tread wear patterns and reducing the overall lifespan of the tires.

4. Abnormal Noise and Vibration:

A malfunctioning differential gear can produce abnormal noises and vibrations. If the gear’s components, such as bearings or gears, wear out or become damaged, it can result in grinding, whining, or clunking noises during operation. Additionally, the vehicle may experience vibrations, especially when accelerating or navigating turns. These symptoms indicate potential issues with the differential gear that require immediate attention.

5. Loss of Power and Performance:

A malfunctioning differential gear can lead to a loss of power and performance. If the gear fails to transfer torque effectively, the vehicle may experience reduced power delivery to the wheels. This can result in sluggish acceleration, decreased towing or hauling capacity, and overall compromised performance. The vehicle may struggle to climb inclines, navigate challenging terrain, or maintain speed efficiently.

6. Increased Fuel Consumption:

A malfunctioning differential gear can contribute to increased fuel consumption. When the gear fails to distribute torque properly, the engine may need to work harder to compensate for the lack of power transmission. This increased workload can lead to higher fuel consumption, as the engine consumes more fuel to maintain performance levels.

7. Safety Concerns:

A malfunctioning differential gear can pose safety concerns for the driver and passengers. Limited traction, poor handling, and compromised stability increase the risk of accidents, especially in adverse weather conditions or emergency situations. It is crucial to address any differential gear issues promptly to ensure the safe operation of the vehicle.

In summary, a malfunctioning differential gear can have a significant impact on a vehicle’s performance. It can result in limited traction, poor handling and stability, increased tire wear, abnormal noises and vibrations, loss of power and performance, increased fuel consumption, and safety concerns. Regular maintenance, prompt repairs, and addressing differential gear issues can help maintain the vehicle’s performance, drivability, and overall safety.

differential gear

Can differential gears be used in heavy-duty trucks and commercial vehicles?

Yes, differential gears can be used in heavy-duty trucks and commercial vehicles. In fact, they are an essential component of the drivetrain in most vehicles, including those designed for heavy-duty applications. Here’s a detailed explanation:

Differential gears are crucial for effective power distribution and maneuverability, especially in vehicles with multiple axles or large payloads. Here are some reasons why differential gears are used in heavy-duty trucks and commercial vehicles:

  • Torque Distribution: Differential gears enable the proper distribution of torque to the wheels. In heavy-duty trucks and commercial vehicles, which often carry heavy loads, torque needs to be transmitted efficiently to ensure adequate traction and pulling power. The differential gears allow the wheels on the same axle to rotate at different speeds, accommodating varying traction conditions and load distribution.
  • Maneuverability: Heavy-duty trucks and commercial vehicles often need to navigate tight turns and maneuver in confined spaces. The differential gears assist in smooth cornering by allowing the outer wheel to rotate faster than the inner wheel during turns. This differential action helps minimize tire scrubbing and reduces stress on the tires, enhancing maneuverability and reducing wear.
  • Traction Control: Differential gears play a critical role in maintaining traction on different road surfaces. In heavy-duty trucks and commercial vehicles that encounter varied terrain, such as off-road conditions or slippery surfaces, the differential gears allow power to be sent to the wheels with the most traction. This helps maximize traction and minimize wheel spin, improving vehicle stability and control.
  • Load Sharing: Differential gears facilitate load sharing among multiple axles in heavy-duty trucks and commercial vehicles. Vehicles with multiple axles distribute the load across all axles, reducing stress on individual components and improving overall performance and durability. Differential gears ensure that power is appropriately distributed among the axles, optimizing load sharing and preventing excessive strain on specific wheels or axles.
  • Off-Road Capability: Heavy-duty trucks and commercial vehicles often need to operate in challenging off-road conditions. Differential gears, particularly those with advanced features like limited-slip differentials or locking differentials, enhance off-road capability by improving traction and preventing wheel slippage. These differential systems provide additional power to the wheels with traction, enabling the vehicle to navigate through rough terrain more effectively.
  • Efficiency and Durability: Differential gears in heavy-duty trucks and commercial vehicles are designed to handle high torque loads and endure demanding operating conditions. They are built with robust materials and precision engineering to ensure durability and long service life. Proper maintenance, including regular inspections and fluid changes, helps maintain the efficiency and performance of the differential gears, contributing to the overall reliability of the vehicle.

In summary, differential gears are indispensable in heavy-duty trucks and commercial vehicles. They enable torque distribution, enhance maneuverability, improve traction control, facilitate load sharing, enhance off-road capability, and contribute to overall efficiency and durability. These gears play a crucial role in ensuring the optimal performance and functionality of heavy-duty and commercial vehicles across various applications and operating conditions.

differential gear

Can you explain the concept of torque distribution in a differential gear?

Torque distribution is a fundamental concept in a differential gear that refers to the way rotational force is distributed among the wheels of a vehicle. Here’s a detailed explanation:

In a vehicle equipped with a differential gear, torque is transmitted from the engine to the differential, and then further distributed to the wheels. The differential gear ensures that torque is divided between the wheels, allowing them to receive power and propel the vehicle forward.

1. Power Input:

The torque distribution process begins with the power input from the engine. The engine generates rotational force, or torque, which is transmitted through the drivetrain to the differential gear.

2. Differential Assembly:

Within the differential gear, torque is distributed among several components, including the ring gear, pinion gear, side gears, and spider gears. The specific arrangement may differ depending on the type of differential used.

3. Side Gears and Spider Gears:

The side gears are connected to the axle shafts, which extend to the wheels. The spider gears, also known as planetary gears, are positioned between the side gears. When torque is applied to the differential assembly, it is transferred to the side gears through the spider gears.

4. Equal Torque Distribution:

In a straight-line driving scenario, where both wheels have equal traction and are rotating at the same speed, the spider gears rotate freely on their respective shafts. This allows the side gears to rotate at the same speed as the differential case, resulting in equal torque distribution to both wheels. As a result, both wheels receive an equal share of power from the differential.

5. Unequal Torque Distribution:

During turns or when one wheel encounters different traction conditions, the wheels need to rotate at different speeds. In this situation, the spider gears are forced to rotate along with the side gears due to the difference in rotational speeds between the two wheels.

As the spider gears rotate, they allow the side gears to rotate at different speeds, compensating for the variation in wheel speeds. This results in unequal torque distribution, with the outer wheel (on the outside of the turn) receiving more torque and the inner wheel (on the inside of the turn) receiving less torque. The differential gear enables this torque differentiation, ensuring that the wheels can rotate independently while still receiving power from the differential.

6. Optimizing Traction:

The torque distribution in a differential gear plays a crucial role in optimizing traction. Unequal torque distribution allows the wheel with better traction to receive more power, maximizing the vehicle’s ability to maintain forward motion. This is particularly beneficial in situations where one wheel is on a slippery surface or encounters reduced traction conditions.

7. Differential Types:

It’s important to note that different types of differentials can provide varying torque distribution characteristics. For example, open differentials primarily distribute torque equally, while limited-slip differentials and locking differentials offer varying degrees of torque biasing to improve traction in specific conditions.

In summary, torque distribution in a differential gear refers to the division of rotational force among the wheels of a vehicle. The differential gear enables equal torque distribution during straight-line driving and unequal torque distribution during turns or varied traction conditions. By optimizing torque distribution, the differential gear ensures efficient power delivery, traction optimization, and overall performance of the vehicle.

China Custom CZPT Brand Spiral Bevel Gear Differential Bevel Gear gear ratio calculatorChina Custom CZPT Brand Spiral Bevel Gear Differential Bevel Gear gear ratio calculator
editor by CX 2023-09-08