China wholesaler Forging Gear Pinion Shaft for Grinding Machine worm gearbox

Product Description

About us:
CIC is a more than 30-year manufacturer and reputed supplier of forged shaft used in various machinery equipment in the fields of mining, metallurgical, chemical industry, construction, and so on. CIC possesses professional design team, advanced equipment and detecting method, strict quality control system to meet all your customized requirements of forged shaft. High quality, excellent performances and competitive price will make you rely on us and choose us.
CIC has manufactured many kinds of forged shafts, including forged roller, support roller forged shafts, thrust roller forged shafts, forged pinion shaft with gears both mounted to the shaft and as a part of the shaft, and other more kinds of forged shafts.
Bring us your challenges, and we will deliver solutions.
1. Material: stainless steel, carbon steel, alloy steel and as your requests
2. Standard: ANSI, API, ASTM, BSI, DIN, GB, ISO, JIS and more standards.
3. Mechanical Properties: customized requirements are accepted.
4. Hardness: customized requirements are accepted.
    5. Surface treatment: rust preventive oil and according to your requirements.
6. Application: mainly used in various machinery equipment in the fields of mining, metallurgical, chemical industry, construction, and so on
7. QA and DOC: chemical composition report, mechanical properties report, UT report, PT report, heat treatment report, dimensions check report, hardness report and more
We can offer third party inspection.
8. Process: raw material purchasing – forging – rough machining(rough hobbing) – heat treatment – semi machining (semi final hobbing) – hardening of tooth surfaces – finish machining(gear grinding) – painting and packing
Various process conditions are available.
9. Certificates: ISO 9001:2008
10. Products ability: Max module:45
11. Heat treatment: quenching and tempering, normalizing and tempering.
12. Tooth surface treatment: carburizing and quenching, surface quenching
13. QC: fabrication schedule, fabrication process chart, inspection and test plan
14. Packing: coated with rust preventive oil, seaworthy packing

1. More than 30 years experience
2. ISO9001:2008 Standard certified
3. Custom-made design
4. All seamless forged
5. Strict quality control 
6. Prompt delivery



Pinion Shaft


Forging carbon steel, forging alloy steel


Max. 2m


Max. 20m


Max. 45


Main Manufacturing Machines:

2×8m Numerical Controlled Horizontal Lathe

6×20m heavy Horizontal Lathe

Gear Cutting & Hobbing Machine

Material: Alloy Steel
Load: Drive Shaft
Stiffness & Flexibility: Stiffness / Rigid Axle
Journal Diameter Dimensional Accuracy: According to The Customer′s Requirement
Axis Shape: Straight Shaft
Shaft Shape: Stepped Shaft


Customized Request

gear shaft

Can you explain the impact of gear shaft misalignment on gear performance?

Gear shaft misalignment can have a significant impact on the performance of gears within a system. When gear shafts are not properly aligned, several issues can arise, affecting the overall functionality and reliability of the gears. Let’s explore the impact of gear shaft misalignment in detail:

  • Reduced Efficiency:

Misalignment causes a loss of efficiency in gear systems. When gear shafts are misaligned, the teeth of the gears do not mesh correctly, leading to increased friction and energy losses. This results in reduced power transmission efficiency, as a portion of the input power is dissipated as heat instead of being effectively transferred through the gears.

  • Increased Wear and Fatigue:

Misalignment can lead to uneven contact and loading between gear teeth. This uneven distribution of forces causes localized high-stress areas on the gear teeth, leading to accelerated wear and fatigue. The concentrated stress on specific areas of the teeth can result in pitting, wear, and even tooth breakage over time. Increased wear and fatigue significantly reduce the lifespan of gears and can lead to unexpected failures.

  • Noise and Vibration:

Gear shaft misalignment often results in increased noise and vibration levels within the gear system. As the misaligned teeth engage, they generate excessive noise due to impact and increased friction. The vibrations caused by the misalignment can propagate through the gear assembly and the surrounding components, causing additional noise and potentially affecting the performance and lifespan of the entire system.

  • Loss of Tooth Contact:

Misalignment can cause a loss of proper tooth contact between the gears. Insufficient tooth contact reduces the load-carrying capacity of the gears and compromises the transmission of torque. The reduced contact area also increases the likelihood of localized stress concentrations, leading to premature wear and failure.

  • Overloading and Unbalanced Loads:

Gear shaft misalignment can result in overloading and unbalanced loads on the gears. Misalignment can cause uneven distribution of forces, with some teeth bearing a higher load than others. This can lead to excessive stress on specific gear teeth, potentially exceeding their load-carrying capacity. Over time, the overloading of certain teeth can result in accelerated wear, tooth breakage, and even catastrophic gear failure.

  • Seal and Bearing Issues:

Misalignment can also affect the performance of seals and bearings within the gear system. Misaligned gear shafts can create additional radial or axial loads on the bearings, reducing their lifespan and causing premature failure. Seal integrity can also be compromised, leading to leaks and contamination of the gear system, further exacerbating the issues associated with misalignment.

In summary, gear shaft misalignment has a detrimental impact on gear performance. It reduces efficiency, increases wear and fatigue, generates noise and vibration, causes loss of tooth contact, leads to overloading and unbalanced loads, and affects the performance of seals and bearings. Proper alignment of gear shafts is crucial to ensure optimal gear performance, longevity, and reliable power transmission within the gear system.

gear shaft

How do gear shafts affect the overall operation and efficiency of gear systems?

Gear shafts play a crucial role in determining the overall operation and efficiency of gear systems within mechanical applications. They impact various aspects of gear system performance. Let’s explore how gear shafts affect the overall operation and efficiency:

  • Power Transmission:

Gear shafts are responsible for transmitting power between gears in a gear system. The design and construction of the gear shaft directly influence the efficiency of power transmission. Proper alignment, accurate dimensions, and precise machining of the gear shaft ensure smooth rotation and optimal meshing of gear teeth. This reduces power losses due to friction, misalignment, or inefficient engagement, resulting in improved power transmission efficiency.

  • Load Carrying Capacity:

Gear shafts bear the load and torque generated within a gear system. Their structural integrity and material properties determine the load carrying capacity of the gear system. A well-designed and robust gear shaft can withstand high loads without deformation or failure. By effectively distributing the load across the gear arrangement, gear shafts enhance the overall efficiency of the system and prevent premature wear or damage to the gears.

  • Alignment and Gear Meshing:

Gear shafts ensure proper alignment and gear meshing within the gear system. Accurate machining and precise tolerances of the gear shaft facilitate the correct positioning of gears, ensuring optimal contact and engagement between gear teeth. Improper alignment or misalignment due to a faulty gear shaft can result in increased friction, noise, vibration, and reduced efficiency. Conversely, a well-designed gear shaft promotes smooth gear meshing, minimizes energy losses, and enhances the overall efficiency of the gear system.

  • Reduction of Backlash:

Backlash refers to the slight play or gap between the meshing gear teeth. Gear shafts, when properly designed and manufactured, help reduce backlash within the gear system. By ensuring accurate alignment and precise tooth engagement, gear shafts minimize the amount of backlash, which can cause vibration, noise, and energy losses. Reduced backlash improves the efficiency of the gear system by enhancing the transfer of rotational motion and minimizing power dissipation.

  • Smooth Operation and Reduced Wear:

A well-designed gear shaft enables smooth operation and reduces wear within the gear system. The accurate meshing of gear teeth facilitated by the gear shaft results in reduced friction and wear on the gears. Proper lubrication and the use of high-quality materials further contribute to minimizing wear and extending the lifespan of the gear system components. Smooth operation and reduced wear translate to improved efficiency, as energy losses due to friction and component degradation are minimized.

  • Efficiency in Speed and Torque Conversion:

Gear shafts allow for efficient speed and torque conversion within gear systems. By incorporating different gear arrangements on a single gear shaft, it becomes possible to achieve specific speed and torque requirements. The gear ratios and sizes chosen for the gear arrangement on the gear shaft determine the conversion efficiency. Well-designed gear shafts enable precise speed and torque transmission, resulting in efficient power utilization and optimized performance of the gear system.

In summary, gear shafts significantly impact the overall operation and efficiency of gear systems. They influence power transmission efficiency, load carrying capacity, gear alignment and meshing, reduction of backlash, smooth operation and reduced wear, as well as speed and torque conversion efficiency. Proper design, construction, and maintenance of gear shafts are essential for maximizing the overall performance and efficiency of gear systems in mechanical applications.

gear shaft

What is the purpose of using a gear shaft in machinery?

A gear shaft serves several essential purposes in machinery. It plays a crucial role in the efficient operation and transmission of power within mechanical systems. Here are the main purposes of using a gear shaft:

  • Power Transmission:

A primary purpose of a gear shaft is to transmit power between different components in a machinery. When rotational force or torque is applied to the gear shaft, it transfers this power to connected gears or mechanisms. This power transmission allows for the controlled and synchronized movement of various parts, enabling the machinery to perform its intended function.

  • Torque Conversion and Adjustment:

By utilizing different sizes and arrangements of gears on the shaft, the gear shaft enables torque conversion and adjustment. Gears with varying numbers of teeth can be connected to the gear shaft, allowing for torque multiplication or reduction. This capability is crucial for adapting the power output of the machinery to match specific requirements, such as increasing torque for heavy-duty operations or reducing torque for precision tasks.

  • Speed Control:

Another purpose of a gear shaft is to control the speed of rotational motion in machinery. By using gears of different sizes or gear ratios on the shaft, the rotational speed can be adjusted. For instance, a smaller gear connected to the gear shaft will rotate faster, while a larger gear will rotate slower. This speed control allows for the optimization of machinery performance, ensuring that the rotational speed matches the desired application requirements.

  • Directional Change:

A gear shaft also facilitates the change in rotational direction within machinery. By incorporating appropriately designed gears on the shaft, the rotational motion can be redirected by 90 degrees or any desired angle. This directional change ability is vital in machinery that requires motion to be transmitted in different directions or orientations, allowing for complex operations and versatile applications.

  • Load Distribution:

Many machinery applications involve the distribution of load or force between multiple components. A gear shaft helps evenly distribute the load among connected gears and mechanisms. As torque is transmitted through the gear shaft, it ensures that the force is distributed across the teeth of the gears, minimizing stress concentration and promoting smooth operation. This load distribution enhances the overall durability and longevity of the machinery.

  • Mechanical Redundancy:

In certain machinery designs, gear shafts can provide mechanical redundancy. By incorporating multiple gear shafts that operate in parallel, the machinery can maintain functionality even if one of the gear shafts fails. This redundancy ensures that the machinery continues to operate with minimal disruption, reducing downtime and improving overall reliability.

In summary, the purpose of using a gear shaft in machinery is to enable power transmission, torque conversion and adjustment, speed control, directional change, load distribution, and mechanical redundancy. Gear shafts are essential components that contribute to the efficient and effective operation of various mechanical systems.

China wholesaler Forging Gear Pinion Shaft for Grinding Machine worm gearboxChina wholesaler Forging Gear Pinion Shaft for Grinding Machine worm gearbox
editor by CX 2023-10-21