China factory Rcf Series, Planetary, Gear Sets, Gear Heads, Gear straight bevel gear

Product Description

High precision
Standard backlash is 3 arc-min, ideal for precisioncontrol.
High rigidity & torque
High rigidity & high torque were achived by uncagedneedle roller bearings.
High load capacity
Adopting taper roller bearing for the main output shaftto increase radial and axial load.ЖFrame size 064·090 adopt ball bearing.
Adapter-bushing connection
Can be attached to any motor all over the world.
No grease leakagePerfect solution using high viscosity anti-separationgrease.
No need to replace the grease for the life of the unit.
Can be attached in any position.

Application areas: Industrial automation, supporting mobile robots, SCARA robots, parallel manipulators, printing machinery, laser cutting machines, packaging machinery, pharmaceutical machinery, pipe bending machines, spring machines, non-standard automation equipment and other industries

Rated power: 50w-1.5Kw
Input speed: 0-3000rpm
Output input speed: 30-1000rpm
Output torque: 6-300Nm

application area : Supporting mobile robots

Transmission code:
60, 75, 90, 100, 110, 115, 120, 140, 180, 210, 220, 240, 255
Level 1: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 9. 10
Level 2: 15, 16, 20, 25, 28, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90, 100
Accuracy ≤ 3 arc
Output shaft type:
Keyless shaft, keyed shaft, flange output
Application field:
Industrial automation field; Printing/packaging machinery, medical machinery pipe bending machines; Spring machine; Non standard automation equipment and other industries; AGV mobile robot: SCARA robot: parallel robot; Laser cutting machine, automatic moving fork

Planetary Gears – a masterclass for mechanical engineers


  • Planetary gear sets contain a central sun gear, surrounded by several planet gears, held by a planet carrier, and enclosed within a ring gear
  • The sun gear, ring gear, and planetary carrier form 3 possible input/outputs from a planetary gear set
  • Typically, 1 portion of a planetary set is held stationary, yielding a single input and a single output, with the overall gear ratio depending on which part is held stationary, which is the input, and which the output
  • Instead of holding any part stationary, 2 parts can be used as inputs, with the single output being a function of the 2 inputs
  • This can be accomplished in a two-stage gearbox, with the first stage driving 2 portions of the second stage. A very high gear ratio can be realized in a compact package. This kind of arrangement is sometimes called a ‘differential planetary’ set

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Application: Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Machinery, Marine, Agricultural Machinery, Car
Hardness: Hardened Tooth Surface
Installation: Vertical Type
Layout: Coaxial
Gear Shape: Conical – Cylindrical Gear
Step: Stepless
US$ 249/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

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epicylic gear

How do you calculate the gear ratio involving sun, planet, and ring gears?

The gear ratio in a planetary gear system can be calculated by considering the number of teeth on the sun gear, planet gears, and ring gear. The gear ratio determines the relationship between the input speed and the output speed of the system. Here’s how you can calculate the gear ratio:

  • Step 1: Count the Teeth:

Count the number of teeth on the sun gear (S), the planet gears (P), and the ring gear (R). These numbers represent the respective gear’s tooth count.

  • Step 2: Determine the Gear Arrangement:

Identify the gear arrangement. In a simple planetary gear system, the sun gear is at the center, surrounded by planet gears, and enclosed by the ring gear.

  • Step 3: Calculate the Gear Ratio:

The gear ratio (GR) can be determined using the formula:

GR = (R + P) / S


  • R represents the number of teeth on the ring gear
  • P represents the number of teeth on the planet gears (assuming they have the same number of teeth)
  • S represents the number of teeth on the sun gear

The resulting gear ratio represents the speed relationship between the input and output of the planetary gear system. A gear ratio greater than 1 indicates a speed reduction, while a gear ratio less than 1 indicates a speed increase.

It’s important to note that in more complex planetary gear systems, where there are multiple sets of planet gears or additional gears, the calculation of the gear ratio may involve considering multiple gear stages and their respective tooth counts.

In summary, to calculate the gear ratio involving sun, planet, and ring gears, you need to count the teeth on each gear and use the formula (R + P) / S, where R is the number of teeth on the ring gear, P is the number of teeth on the planet gears, and S is the number of teeth on the sun gear. This calculation provides the gear ratio that defines the speed relationship between the input and output of the planetary gear system.

epicylic gear

Can planetary gears be used in robotics and automation?

Planetary gears are commonly used in robotics and automation due to their numerous advantages and suitability for various applications. Let’s explore how planetary gears are utilized in robotics and automation:

  • Compact Size and High Power Density:

Planetary gears offer a high power density, meaning they can transmit significant torque in a compact size. This characteristic is particularly valuable in robotics and automation systems, where space is often limited. The compactness of planetary gears allows for efficient integration into robotic joints, gearboxes, and other motion control components.

  • Precision and Repeatability:

Planetary gears provide high precision and repeatability, making them suitable for precise positioning and motion control tasks in robotics and automation. The gear design and arrangement contribute to minimal backlash and accurate torque transmission, ensuring precise and predictable movements. This precision is essential in applications such as robotic arms, CNC machines, and pick-and-place systems.

  • Speed Reduction and Torque Amplification:

Planetary gears offer the capability of speed reduction and torque amplification, allowing robots to handle varying loads and achieve different levels of speed and force. By utilizing the gear ratios and multiple gear stages, planetary gears enable robots to perform tasks that require both high torque and precise movements, such as lifting heavy objects or performing delicate assembly operations.

  • Efficiency and Energy Savings:

Planetary gears are known for their high efficiency in power transmission. The gear design minimizes friction and ensures efficient torque transfer, resulting in reduced energy consumption. In robotics and automation, where energy efficiency is often a concern, the use of planetary gears can contribute to overall energy savings and longer battery life in battery-powered systems.

  • Reliability and Durability:

Planetary gears are designed to be robust and durable, capable of withstanding demanding operating conditions. They can handle high loads, provide long service life, and resist wear and fatigue. These characteristics are crucial in robotics and automation, where the gears are subjected to repetitive and continuous motion. The reliability and durability of planetary gears contribute to the overall performance and longevity of robotic systems.

  • Versatility and Customization:

Planetary gears offer versatility and customization options to meet specific requirements in robotics and automation. They can be combined with other mechanical components such as motors, encoders, and sensors to create tailored motion control systems. The ability to select different gear ratios, sizes, and configurations allows for the optimization of robotic designs for specific applications and performance criteria.

In summary, planetary gears are widely used in robotics and automation due to their compact size, high power density, precision, repeatability, speed reduction, torque amplification, efficiency, reliability, durability, versatility, and customization options. These qualities make planetary gears an excellent choice for various robotic applications, including industrial automation, collaborative robots, robotic prosthetics, unmanned vehicles, and many others.

epicylic gear

How do planetary gears contribute to power transmission and gear reduction?

Planetary gears play a significant role in power transmission and gear reduction. Let’s explore how planetary gears contribute to these aspects:

  • Torque Amplification:

One of the key contributions of planetary gears is torque amplification. The arrangement of multiple gear sets in a compact design allows for torque multiplication. When the input power is applied to the sun gear, it drives the rotation of the planet gears. The planet gears, in turn, mesh with the ring gear, creating a mechanical advantage that amplifies the torque output. This torque amplification is beneficial in applications where high torque is required while maintaining a smaller form factor.

  • Gear Ratio Variation:

Another contribution of planetary gears is their ability to achieve different gear ratios. By varying the number of teeth on the sun gear, planet gears, and ring gear, a wide range of gear ratios can be obtained. The gear ratio is determined by the relative sizes of the gears and the number of teeth on each gear. This flexibility in gear ratios allows machinery to adapt to varying speed and torque requirements, enabling precise control and efficient power transmission.

  • Gear Reduction:

Planetary gears are commonly used for gear reduction applications. Gear reduction refers to the process of reducing the rotational speed and increasing the torque output of a power source. In a planetary gear system, gear reduction is achieved by fixing the ring gear and allowing the sun gear to rotate as the input. The rotation of the sun gear drives the planet gears, which in turn rotate the output carrier or arm. The output speed is slower than the input speed, resulting in gear reduction. This gear reduction capability is valuable in various applications, such as automotive transmissions and power transmission systems.

  • Efficient Power Transmission:

Planetary gears are known for their efficient power transmission capabilities. The internal gear meshing and the distribution of load across multiple gear teeth result in efficient torque transfer with minimal power loss. The load is shared among the planet gears, allowing for higher torque capacity and reduced wear on individual gear teeth. This efficient power transmission ensures that a significant portion of the input power is effectively transmitted to the output, making planetary gears suitable for applications where energy conservation and optimization are crucial.

In summary, planetary gears contribute to power transmission and gear reduction through torque amplification, gear ratio variation, gear reduction mechanism, and efficient power transmission. The ability to amplify torque, achieve different gear ratios, and transmit power efficiently makes planetary gears widely used in various industries and mechanical systems.

China factory Rcf Series, Planetary, Gear Sets, Gear Heads, Gear straight bevel gearChina factory Rcf Series, Planetary, Gear Sets, Gear Heads, Gear straight bevel gear
editor by CX 2024-04-11